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[Vue.js 3.0] Migration – Data Option

# Data Option


breaking

# Overview

  • BREAKING: data component option declaration no longer accepts a plain JavaScript object and expects a function declaration.

  • BREAKING: when merging multiple data return values from mixins or extends, the merge is now shallow instead of deep (only root-level properties are merged).

# 2.x Syntax

In 2.x, developers could define the data option with either an object or a function.

For example:

<!-- Object Declaration -->
<script>
const app = new Vue({
data: {
apiKey: 'a1b2c3'
}
})
</script>
<!-- Function Declaration -->
<script>
const app = new Vue({
data() {
return {
apiKey: 'a1b2c3'
}
}
})
</script>

Though this provided some convenience in terms of root instances having a shared state, this has led to confusion due to the fact that its only possible on the root instance.

# 3.x Update

In 3.x, the data option has been standardized to only accept a function that returns an object.

Using the example above, there would only be one possible implementation of the code:

<script>
import { createApp } from 'vue'
createApp({
data() {
return {
apiKey: 'a1b2c3'
}
}
}).mount('#app')
</script>

# Mixin Merge Behavior Change

In addition, when data() from a component and its mixins or extends base are merged, the merge is now performed shallowly:

const Mixin = {
data() {
return {
user: {
name: 'Jack',
id: 1
}
}
}
}
const CompA = {
mixins: [Mixin],
data() {
return {
user: {
id: 2
}
}
}
}

In Vue 2.x, the resulting $data is:

{
user: {
id: 2,
name: 'Jack'
}
}

In 3.0, the result will be:

{
user: {
id: 2
}
}

# Migration Strategy

For users relying on the object declaration, we recommend:

  • Extracting the shared data into an external object and using it as a property in data
  • Rewrite references to the shared data to point to a new shared object

For users relying on the deep merge behavior from mixins, we recommend refactoring your code to avoid such reliance altogether, since deep merges from mixins are very implicit and can make the code logic more difficult to understand and debug.

炫意HTML5 » [Vue.js 3.0] Migration – Data Option

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