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基于JavaScript实现简单的轮播图

这篇文章主要为大家详细介绍了基于JavaScript实现简单的轮播图,文中示例代码介绍的非常详细,具有一定的参考价值,感兴趣的小伙伴们可以参考一下

本文实例为大家分享了JavaScript实现简单的轮播图的具体代码,供大家参考,具体内容如下

js轮播图实现思路

1、先获取元素 盒子 左右按钮
2、鼠标经过 显示/隐藏 左右侧按钮
3、动态生成小圆圈、 添加自定义属性
4、小圆圈点击事件 添加current类名
5、添加动画事件 animate 等于 -索引号*focusWidth
6、克隆第一张图片到最后面
7、添加右侧/左侧按钮点击事件
8、设置定时器 手动调用右侧按钮点击事件

html代码部分

<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="en">
<head>
<meta charset="UTF-8">
<meta http-equiv="X-UA-Compatible" content="IE=edge">
<meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1.0">
<title>Document</title>
<link rel="stylesheet" href="https://www.jb51.net/article/css/index.css" >
<script src="https://www.jb51.net/article/js/index.js"></script>
</head>
<body>
<div>
<a href="javascript:;">></a>
<a href="javascript:;">
<</a>
<ul>
<li>
<a href=""><img src="https://www.jb51.net/article/images/focus.jpg" alt=""></a>
</li>
<li>
<a href=""><img src="https://www.jb51.net/article/images/focus1.jpg" alt=""></a>
</li>
<li>
<a href=""><img src="https://www.jb51.net/article/images/focus2.jpg" alt=""></a>
</li>
<li>
<a href=""><img src="https://www.jb51.net/article/images/focus3.jpg" alt=""></a>
</li>
</ul>
<ol>
</ol>
</div>
</body>
</html>

css样式部分

* {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
li {
list-style: none;
}
img {
border: 0;
vertical-align: top;
}
a {
text-decoration: none;
}
.focus {
position: relative;
width: 721px;
height: 455px;
margin: 100px auto;
overflow: hidden;
}
.focus ul {
position: absolute;
top: 0;
left: 0;
width: 600%;
}
.focus ul li {
float: left;
}
.arrow_r,
.arrow_l {
display: none;
position: absolute;
top: 50%;
transform: translateY(-50%);
width: 40px;
height: 40px;
line-height: 40px;
text-align: center;
font-size: 24px;
background: rgba(0, 0, 0, .2);
color: #fff;
z-index: 1;
}
.arrow_r {
right: 0;
}
.circle {
position: absolute;
bottom: 10px;
left: 50px;
}
.circle li {
float: left;
width: 8px;
height: 8px;
border: 2px solid rgba(255, 255, 255, .5);
border-radius: 50%;
margin: 0 3px;
cursor: pointer;
}
.current {
background-color: #fff;
}

javascript部分

window.addEventListener('load', function() {
//获取元素
var focus = document.querySelector('.focus');
var arrow_r = document.querySelector('.arrow_r');
var arrow_l = document.querySelector('.arrow_l');
var focusWidth = focus.offsetWidth;
// 鼠标经过focus盒子 显示/隐藏 左右侧按钮 暂停轮播
focus.addEventListener('mouseenter', function() {
arrow_r.style.display = 'block';
arrow_l.style.display = 'block';
clearInterval(timer);
timer = null;
});
focus.addEventListener('mouseleave', function() {
arrow_r.style.display = 'none';
arrow_l.style.display = 'none';
timer = setInterval(function() {
//调用点击事件
arrow_r.click();
}, 2000);
});
//动态生成小圆圈
var ul = focus.querySelector('ul');
var ol = focus.querySelector('.circle');
for (var i = 0; i < ul.children.length; i++) {
var li = document.createElement('li');
li.setAttribute('index', i);
ol.appendChild(li);
//小圆圈点击事件
li.addEventListener('click', function() {
for (var i = 0; i < ol.children.length; i++) {
ol.children[i].className = '';
}
var index = this.getAttribute('index');
num = index;
circle = index;
this.className = 'current';
animate(ul, -index * focusWidth);
})
}
ol.children[0].className = 'current';
//克隆第一张图片放到最后一张
var fis = ul.children[0].cloneNode(true);
ul.appendChild(fis);
//右侧按钮点击事件
var num = 0;
var circle = 0;
arrow_r.addEventListener('click', function() {
if (num === ul.children.length - 1) {
ul.style.left = 0;
num = 0;
}
num++;
animate(ul, -num * focusWidth);
circle++;
if (circle === ul.children.length - 1) {
circle = 0;
}
for (var i = 0; i < ol.children.length; i++) {
ol.children[i].className = '';
}
ol.children[circle].className = 'current';
});
//左侧按钮点击事件
arrow_l.addEventListener('click', function() {
if (num == 0) {
num = ul.children.length - 1;
ul.style.left = -num * focusWidth + 'px';
}
num--;
animate(ul, -num * focusWidth);
circle--;
circle = circle < 0 ? ol.children.length - 1 : circle;
// 调用函数
circleChange();
});
//清除其余小圆圈的current类名
function circleChange() {
for (var i = 0; i < ol.children.length; i++) {
ol.children[i].className = '';
}
// 留下当前的小圆圈的current类名
ol.children[circle].className = 'current';
}
//动画函数
function animate(obj, target, callback) {
clearInterval(obj.timer);
obj.timer = setInterval(function() {
var step = (target - obj.offsetLeft) / 10;
step = step > 0 ? Math.ceil(step) : Math.floor(step);
if (obj.offsetLeft == target) {
clearInterval(obj.timer);
callback && callback();
}
obj.style.left = obj.offsetLeft + step + 'px';
}, 15);
}
//自动轮播放轮播图
var timer = setInterval(function() {
//调用点击事件
arrow_r.click();
}, 2000);
});

以上就是本文的全部内容,希望对大家的学习有所帮助,也希望大家多多支持炫H5(xyhtml5.com)。

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